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时时彩官网  > 访谈·视点

曾毅: 新一代人工智能 联合国可持续发展目标的加速器

2019-06-18 光明日报
【字体:

yuyinbobao

  无接触物流、行动轨迹采集分析……人工智能在抗疫中的广泛应用,让人们再次感受到这一颠覆性技术的强大能力。不过,一系列忧虑也随之而来。人工智能应用的门槛会不会进一步加大收入差距?个人信息的采集会不会威胁信息安全?针对这些问题,科学家们也在考虑,如何让人工智能成为可持续发展目标实现的助力,而非阻碍。这既是写入国家《新一代人工智能发展规划》的战略目标,也是国家《新一代人工智能治理原则》的明确愿景,更是近期联合国秘书长公布的“数字合作路线图”中的核心议题之一。

  1.人工智能推动可持续发展成为国际共识

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  2.警惕负面影响,确保技术“善”用

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  ciwai,rengongzhinengmoxingkenengcongshujuzhonghuoqubingyingyongrenleidepianjian,zheijiangyoukenengjiajubupingdengdexianxiang,yucujingongpingbeidaoerchi。liru,zhinengtuijianxitongkenengyouyushujudepianjianzaizhiyetuijianfangmianbiaoxianchuduinannvhebutongfuserenzhongdemingxianpiancha,zheijiangyurengongzhinengyingyongyujiuyedelianghaochuzhongbeidaoerchi,congkechixufazhandeshijiaolaikan,rengongzhinengjishukeyongyuwajuebingcujinruoshiquntifahuiqiyoushi,cujingongpingjiuye。tongshi,henduorenlianshibiemoxingyushishicaiguanwangduiyunvxingshibielvmingxiandiyunanxing,butongfuserenzhongzaishehuianquanfuzhujuecexitongzhonghuibeifuyupianjian,douyoudaiweilaigengwanshanderengongzhinengtuidonggongpinggongzhengdekechixufazhan。qizhongtongguozhinengzengqiangjishutishengmangren、longyarendeganzhi、goutong、shishicaiguanwangnenglijiushirengongzhinengpuhuiruoshiquntidezhongyaochangshi。

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  3.不同文化相互包容相互借鉴的契机

  tongguorengongzhinengtuijinkechixufazhanshiquanqiugongtongdeyuanjing,zaizhuduokechixufazhanxiangguanlingyu,ruyouzhijiaoyu、gongpinggongzheng、chengshifazhandeng,douyuwenhua、diyuxixixiangguan。meiyizhongwenhuayurengongzhinengjishudejieheduiyukechixufazhandoujianggongxianbutongshijiaodesikao,binggongxianyuduikechixufazhanzhangyuanmubiaodeshenkelijieyushijian。yinciyingdangbaorongbutongwenhua,xianghujiejian、qiutongcunyi、heerbutong、tongzhougongji。

  rengongzhinengjishudegaosufazhanwangwangfashengzaikeji、jingjipubianchuyulingxiandiweideguojiahediqu,zheijiangyoujidafengxianshidepinfuchajusuirengongzhinengdejinzhanerjinyibuxunsukuoda,shirengongzhinengyouqianzaifengxianjiasumataixiaoyingdexingcheng。yinci,rengongzhinengjishulingxiandeguojiahediquyingtongguokaifanggongxiang、quanqiuxiezuo,tuidongrengongzhinengjishuyushishicaiguanwangdepuhui,shizhongdishouruguojiahediquyenenggoujiezhurengongzhinengdebiangecujinshehuiyujingjifazhan,congerxieshoucujinkechixufazhanmubiaozaiquanqiudezaorishixian。

  shishicaiguanwangguoshifuzerendedaguo,zairengongzhinengfangmianyeyouyidingdeyanfayoushihechanyeyoushi,yinciyegengyingzaishixianrengongzhinengpuhuiquanqiudeyuanjingzhongzuochuyingyoudegongxian。jianyishishicaiguanwangguozaixinyidairengongzhinengfazhanguihuadejichushangzhenduituidongkechixufazhanmubiaojinyibuxihua,tuijinrengongzhinengyingyongyukechixufazhandegegelingyu。yucitongshi,jianlimianxiangquanqiukechixufazhanderengongzhinengzhiku、zaixiananliku、ziyuangongxiangku、gonggongshishicaiguanwangpingtaideng,youchanxueyanjiegongtongtuidongmianxiangkechixufazhanderengongzhinenggongyiyanjiujihua,bingxiangquanqiukaifangshenqing,yicizhichengrengongzhinengzuoweishinengjishutuidongquanqiukechixufazhanmubiaodeshixian,bingxiangquanqiukaifangyanjiuchengguo,tebieshizhichizhongdishouruguojiahediqu、“yidaiyilu”guojiahediqu,bingyurengongzhinenggengfadadeguojiashenduxiezuo、gongxiangjingyan、youshihubu,xieshoujiejuebutonglingyudenantiyurenleigongtongdetiaozhan,gongcukechixufazhan。

  tongshi,yingguliguojiaxinyidairengongzhinengchuangxinshifanqu、guojiaxinyidairengongzhinengkaifangchuangxinpingtai、rengongzhinengchuangxinyingyongxiandaoqu、rengongzhinengxiangguankeyanjigoudengchuangxinzhutishenduxiezuo,jiehedingcengshejiyuzizhuguihua,jijitoushendaomianxiangkechixufazhanderengongzhinengshiyezhonglai。yinggulizhongguorengongzhinengqiyeyukeyanjigouxingchengchanyanronghedehezuomoshi,bingyingdangyuquanqiudekeyanjigouhechanyequzhangbuduan、kaifanggongying,xietongtongguoxinyidairengongzhinengzuoweishinengjishucujinquanqiudeshehui、jingjihehuanjingkechixufazhan,tuijinrenleimingyungongtongtidegoujianyushixian。

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