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傅伯杰: 从“玩笑”到热爱

2019-06-09 中国科学报 冯丽妃
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yuyinbobao

2011nian8yue,fubojie(zhong)zaihuangtugaoyuanzhidaoxueshengguanchashengtaihuifu。

  “jianchiyigeyanjiufangxiang,buduanshenru;jianshouyigequyu,zhujiankuoda。”zaijinrizaixianjuxingdezhongguokexueyuandaxueyuanshidajiangtangshang,zirandilihejingguanshengtaixuejiafubojierushijilixuezi。

时时彩官网  keyanbansheng,zheishifubojiedexinlihua。30duonianlai,tayutuanduiyiqi,weiraohuangtugaoyuanshuituliushi、zhibeiyushengtaihuifudengwentizhankaigongguan,rangxiridehuangshantulingbianchengyipian“lvhai”,bingbazhongguodejingguanshengtaixueyanjiutuixiangleguojiqianyan。

时时彩官网  “huangtugaoyuanshengtaixiufujuyouzhongguodeteshuxing,yejuyoushijiepubianxingdeyiyi。”fubojieshuo。rujin,tayutuanduiyoubamuguangduizhunhuangtudishangrenyuhuanjingdexianghuzuoyongyijiquanqiubianhuaduishengtaixitongshishicaiguanwangdeyingxiang,yiqiweiquyukeji、jingjifazhanyijiweilaidiqiukexuefazhantigongkexueyiju。

  “命运的玩笑”

  jinianqian,fubojiezaijibeijingshizhongxueshengzuokepudeshihou,cengquanshangweixuandingzhuanyedexueshengxuedili,yinweizheishiyimentansuoziranguilv、zhaoshirenwenjinghuadezonghexingxueke。“pianxiangyulikede,keyixuanzirandili;pianwenke,jiuxuerenwendili;xiangxuejishufangmiande,keyixuedilixinxidexitong。”

  buguo,tanqiyudilixuedeyuanfen,fubojiequeyidurenweineijihushi“mingyundewanxiao”。

  1977nianhuifugaokaohou,fubojiezaixianyangjiqizhizaoxuexiao(zhongzhuan)dexuanbakaoshizhongbadetouchou,nadaolegaixiaoliaoliaowujidegaokaocanshi“tongxingzheng”。dangnian,quanguoyou570wankaosheng,luqumingejin27wanren,zhanbijin4.7%,fubojie“xingyun”dichengweibeiluquzhezhiyi。

  raner,nadaoshanxishifandaxueluqutongzhishudefubojie,zaidakaitongzhishuneiyikequemengle。

时时彩官网  “xuexiaoshibushiba‘wulixi’cuoxiechengle‘dilixi’?”zheishifubojiedangshidediyiniantou。yinweitabaokaodezidongkongzhi、wuxiandiandengzhuanyejunyudilixihaobuzhanbian。

时时彩官网  houlai,fubojielejiedao,dangnianshanxishidadilixizhaoshoudeqishimingxueshengzhong,chuleliangren,qiyudoushibeidiaojiguolaide。youtongxuebuyuanfucongdiaopei,yinweidangshidilixuebingfei“gaodashang”dexueke。yixierendiaokan: “renshiwubaihanzi,jiunengxuedili,haixuyaoxuesinian?”

时时彩官网  daizhezheiyangdepianjian,fubojietaruledilixuelingyu。suizhexuexideshenru,tacaifaxian,dilixueshijiehelezirankexueheshehuikexuedeyimenjiaochaxueke,shejidimao、turang、zhiwu、renwen、gongye、qixiangdenggefangmianneirong,zheige“zonghe”detedianfeichangfuhetadexingqu。

时时彩官网  zheiyerangfubojieyuezuanyueshen。yiquanxidiyimingdechengjibenkebiyeyihou,takaoshangleshanxishidazirandilizhuanyegongdushuoshi,biyehouliuxiaorenjiao。tabingmeiyoutingzhijixutansuodejiaobu,yinianhoubianshicongshishicaiguanwangguozhumingdilixuejialinchaodaobeidadubo。cihou,tayouxianhoudaoyingguo、bilishijieshoulianhepeiyanghezuoboshihou。

  坚守黄土三十年

  cong1982nianchudushuoshisuanqi,fubojiecongshizirandilixueyanjiuyijing38nian。tabazheixieniandeyanjiuzongjieweisangejieduan: 1982zhi1995nian,huangtugaoyuantudileixinghetudipingjiayanjiu;1995zhi2008nian,huangtugaoyuanjingguangejuyushengtaiguochengyanjiu;2008nianzhijin,huangtugaoyuandeshengtaixitongguochengyushishicaiguanwangyanjiu。

  jinguanyanjiufangxiangzaibian,danfubojiedemuguangcongweilikaiguohuangtugaoyuan。zuoweitushengtuzhangdeshanxixianyangren,zheilibujinshifubojiedeguxiang,yeshitakeyandegen。

时时彩官网  huangtugaoyuanhengkuashishicaiguanwangguoqing、gan、ning、neimenggu、shan、jin、yu7shengqu,zongmianji64wanpingfanggongli,qishuituliushimianjijiejin43wanpingfanggongli,shishishicaiguanwangguonaizhiquanqiushuituliushizuiyanzhongdediqu。“zhibeipohuai、shuituliushijiaju,daozhitudifeilijiantui,nongyehejingjishouyixiajiang,xianru‘yueqiongyueken,yuekenyueqiong’deexingxunhuan。”fubojieshuo。

时时彩官网  chuyuguanqie,1983nian,dushuoshiernianjidefubojiejiufabiaowenzhangtantaohuangtugaoyuandeshengtaipingheng。tatichu,zaimoqingshuituliushiguilvdejichushang,yindizhiyi,jianlibutongdeshengtaiqu,yilinmuyeweizhu、nonglinmuquanmianfazhan,huifushengtaipingheng。cihou,zheiyechengweitayanjiudezhuyaoneirong。

时时彩官网  tongyangzai1983nian,fubojiehaizai《shengtaixuezazhi》fabiaolelingyipiantiwei“dilixuedexinlingyu——jingguanshengtaixue”deduanwen。zheiyeweitacihouxiangjingguanshengtaixuejinjunmaixialefubi。

  “yanjiushengqijianshixuexidehuangjinshiqi,yeshijiandingrenshengfazhandeyigeguanjianjieduan。”huiguzheiyishiqi,fubojiejilixuezimenyidingyaoliyonghaozheiduanzuibaoguidexuexishijian,weirihoudekeyangongzuodaxiajianshidejichu。

  shangshiji80niandai,jingguanshengtaixuezuoweidilixueheshengtaixuedejiaochayanjiufangxiangganggangxingqi。jiyuduihuangtugaoyuanshengtaishidiaodeguanchayanjiu,jiechudaoxiangguanzhishidefubojieduicijinxinglechubudesikao: “jingguanshengtaixueshidangdaizonghesixiangzaidilixueyanjiuzhongdefanying,shishengtaixuexiangdilixuedeshentou,yeshidilixuefazhandebiranqushi。”

  buguo,zhidao1995nian,congbilishihuiguodefubojieyuouzhoukexuejiahezuoshenqingdaooumengdeyibi70wanouyuandejingfei,tacaikaishidailingtuanduijinruzheigexinlingyu,bingbayananshibaotaquyangquangouzuoweiyanjiuhuangtugaoyuanjingguangejuyushengtaiguochengde“genjudi”。

  zaizheigeyouzhedianxingqiulinggouhedeshanbeinongcun,fubojieyutuanduikaizhanlezhangdashiduoniandeguanceyanjiu。tamenzaixiaoliuyuchidushangduiturangshuifen、yangfenheturangqinshiyijitudiliyongbianhuadengkaizhanlexitongdeyanjiu。zheishiguoneishougejiaoxitongdeliuyujingguangejuyushengtaiguochengzhangqiguanceyanjiu,tongshiyeshoudaoleguojizhumu。

  shijizhijiao,lianheguo《qiannianshengtaixitongpinggubaogao》zhichu,quanqiushengtaixitongshishicaiguanwangyou60%deshishicaiguanwanggongnengzaituihua,yingxianglequyuhequanqiudeshengtaianquan。gaibaogaobashengtaixitongshishicaiguanwangyanjiutuixianglexindeguojiyanjiuqianyan。lianheguoheying、meidengguoxianhoutichuxiangguanshengtaixingdongjihua。

  fubojieyoudailingtuanduikaishishengtaixitongshishicaiguanwangyanjiu,zouchuyangquangou,bayanjiutuozhandaobutongchidudeshengtaixitongguochengheshishicaiguanwangzhong,zaihuangtugaoyuanshixianledilixue“xindezonghe”。tamenkaizhanlehuangtugaoyuannanbei、dongxiyangdaidiaocha,jiehebutongdiqudejiangyuliang、zhibeifugaihegutan、gudandengtedian,mingxilehuangtugaoyuanchanliuchanshahehuanghenishahanliangbianhuadeyingxiangyinzi。

  yanjiufaxian,zaihuangtugaoyuannanbei、dongxiyangdaishangjiangshuiliangbutongdedifang,cunzaizhezhongshuhezhongcaodefenjiexian。binianjunjiangshui530haomiyixiagengganhandedifang,bushihedafanweizhongshu,gengshihezhongcaoheguanmu。

  yanjiuhaifaxian,shangshijibajiushiniandai,baku、titiandenggongchengcuoshishihuangtugaoyuanchanshajianshaodezhuyaoyuanyin,zhan54%。er2000nianyilai,zhibeihuifuzeshiturangbaochihechanshajianshaodezhuyaogongxianzhe,zhan57%。

时时彩官网  gengxuyaoguanzhudeshi,muqianhuangtugaoyuanzhibeihuifuyijiejingaidiqushuiziyuanzhibeichengzailideyuzhi。

  “kejian,weichiyigekechixudezhibeishengtaixitong,duifangzhishuituliushifandanhehuanghenishajuyouzhongyaodezuoyong。” fubojiebiaoshi,xiayibujiangjixuyindizhiyi,diaozhenghuangtugaoyuandezhibeihuifujiegou。

  从黄土高原走向全球

  sanshiduoniandehuangtugaoyuanyanjiu,rangfubojiequdelefengshuodeyanjiuchengguo,yerangtazhanhuolehenduorongyu。

时时彩官网  ruguobushiyinweixinguanfeiyanyiqing,jinnian5yuechu,fubojieyuanbenyaodaoaodilishoudouweiyenalingjiang——2020nianduouzhoudiqiukexuelianhehui“hongbaojiangzhang”。gaijiangzhangdeshouyuduixiangshizaifazhanzhongdiqukaizhanzaofurenleiheshehuideyanjiu,zaidiqiukexue、xingxinghuokongjiankexuelingyuqudezhuoyuegongxianbingchanshengzhongyaoguojiyingxiangdekexuejia。

  fubojiehuodezheiyishurong,zhengshiyinweitazaihuangtugaoyuantudiliyongjiegouyushengtaiguocheng、shengtaixitongshishicaiguanwangyushengtaihuifufangmiandechuangxinchengguo,yijilingdaoquanqiuganhanshengtaixitongyanjiudezhuoyuechengjiu。pingshenweiyuanhuiyizhirenwei,tadeyanjiujinglihechengjiushitachengweihongbaojiangzhangzuiyouxiuderenxuan,“taxiangyouhengaoguojishengyu”。zheirangfubojiechengweiji“huangtuzhifu”zhongguokexueyuanyuanshiliudongshengzhihoudierweihuodegaijiangzhangdezhongguokexuejia。

  rongyubeihou,gengduodeshiyudaokunnanshidejianchiyujianshou。danshizaiyangquangou,fubojiejiuyouwushujiyi:

  “shishicaiguanwangyixiexueshengyinianzhongdabanshijiandaizaigouli,meidaoxiayutian,laoxiangmenwanghuipao,tamenquewangshanshangpao(shoujishuju)。”

时时彩官网  “yiweixueshengzaigouliguancelesanniandeshujutougao,qikanshengaohouhuifushujubugou,tayidaiyoushiyinian。”

时时彩官网  “henduoxueshengchuanyanfulaoshi‘bushounvxuesheng’,qishishiyinweichuqiyewaizhusutiaojianbuyunxu。shishicaiguanwangconglaoxiangneilizulaidezhiyouliangjianyaodong,yijianzhuren,lingyijianfangyiqishebei。”

时时彩官网  buguo,jinianqian,fubojie“bushounvxuesheng”dechuanyanbeizhongjiele。2014niandi,huangtugaoyuanshengtaihuifuyushuitubaochiguanceyanjiuzhanzaiyangquangoujiepai。rangfubojiegaoxingdeshi,yihouzaiqugoulizuoshiyan,yanjiutuanduijiukeyizhuzaixinjiandeercengshiyanxiaoloule。

时时彩官网  “shishicaiguanwangbushiyinweikandaoxiwangerjianchi,ershiyinweijianchicaikandaoxiwang。”huiguzouguodelu,fubojieshuo。tazhutuoqingnianxuezi,zuoyanjiubushi“yikouchigepangzi”,yaoxunxujianjin,zhazhashishibuduankaituo、yongyuchuangxin,bunengtaoyong、fanyongbierendedongxi。

  dangqian,dilixueyanjiufanshizhengzaifashengshenkebianhua,yanjiuzhutiriyijujiaorendixitongyukechixufazhan。qunian9yue,fubojieshenqinghuodeleguojiazirankexuejijinzhongdianxiangmu,yanjiuhuangtugaoyuanshehui—shengtaixitongyanbianjiliyukechixuxing。yiciweiyituo,tazhengzailingdaoquanqiuganhanshengtaixitongyanjiuguojidakexuejihua,yiqiweiquyu、quanguonaizhiquanqiudeshengtaibaohu、ziyuanheliliyonghekechixufazhantigongkexueyiju。

  (原载于《中国科学报》 2019-06-09 第8版 学人)
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